Energy production from waste (waste to energy) represents an economic and environmental opportunity. The wastes which are not good to be recycled may be diverted from the landfill and used for energy generation. The materials with a suitable calorific value (mainly plastics and products derived from oil) are combusted into incineration plants resulting in the generation of heat and electricity. Other technologies are able to produce energy from waste without direct combustion but converting the energy rich material into liquid or gaseous fuels.
Which kind of waste can be valorized energetically?
The feasibility of a waste to energy application is based on the physico-chemical characteristics of the waste material. To have potential are for example the residual fraction, the multi-material light fraction and the organic fraction of MSW.
The production of RDF, starts from waste coming from the separate collection, multi-material waste and special waste, by means of selection and volume reduction operations.
From which kind of waste is produced the Refuse-Derived Fuel?